What is Biomass and Bioenergy?

Biomass

Biological material derived from living or recently living organisms (i.e., plants, animals). It is organic matter that is renewable over time and can be used as a source of energy (i.e., heat, power) or for its chemical components.

Common sources include:
• Forestry crops & residue
• Agricultural crops & residue
• Animal residues
• Industrial residues
• Municipal solid waste
• Sewage

Click here to see how the various biomass feedstocks are used for energy production.

The Biomass Innovation Centre is primarily focused on promoting the
use of woody biomass. Woody biomass refers to trees and woody plants, including stems, branches and tops. Common woody biomass sources include:

Biofuel

Refers to the different products that can be created from biomass. Biofuels generally come in solid, liquid or gaseous forms.

Characteristics of Biomass as a Heating Fuel

Bioenergy

Renewable energy that is produced from biofuels. Scientists and engineers have invented various ways to extract and convert the energy from biofuels and turn that energy into useful products like heat, electricity and mechanical power. This permits use in a wide range of applications such as space heating, process heat and power and transportation fuels.

Fact Sheet – Biomass Power


Bio-refinery

A bio-based industry that integrates biomass conversion processes to sustainably process and produce power, heat, transportation fuels, food, feed ingredients, biomaterials and value-added chemicals from raw materials. The bio-refinery concept is analogous to today’s petroleum refinery, which produces multiple fuels and products from petroleum.